Python differs from other programming languages in terms of popularity and value because it offers a number of practical features. It supports procedural and object-oriented programming paradigms and offers dynamic memory allocation. A few key characteristics are listed below.

Easy to Use and Learn

Compared to other programming languages, Python is simple to learn. Its syntax is simple and resembles that of English to a large extent. The code block is defined by the indentation; neither the semicolon nor the curly bracket are used.

Expressive Language

Python can complete complicated tasks with just a few lines of code. The print("Hello World") command is used as a straightforward example in the hello world program. While Java or C require multiple lines of code to execute, this only needs one.

Interpreted Language

Given that Python is an interpreted language, each line of a Python program is executed individually. Being an interpreted language, it has the benefit of making debugging simple and portable.

Cross-platform Language

Python can function just as well on a variety of operating systems, including Windows, Linux, UNIX, Macintosh, etc. Thus, Python can be referred to as a portable language. It enables programmers to create software once and then port it to a number of competing platforms.

Free and Open Source

Everyone can use Python for free. On its official website, www.python.org, it is freely downloadable. It has a sizable global community that is devotedly working to create new Python modules and functions. 

Object-Oriented Language

Classes and objects are concepts introduced by the object-oriented nature of the programming language Python. Encapsulation, polymorphism, inheritance, and other concepts are supported. Writing reusable code and creating applications with less code are both made easier by the object-oriented approach.

Large Standard Library

It provides a vast range of libraries for various fields such as machine learning, web development, and scripting. There are various machine learning libraries, such as TensorFlow, Pandas, Numpy, Keras, PyTorch, etc. Django, Flask, and Pyramid are the popular frameworks for Python web development.

GUI Programming Support

A graphic user interface is used for the developing desktop application. PyQT5, Tkinter, and Kivy are the libraries that are used for developing the web application.

Integrated

It can be easily integrated with languages like C, C++, and JAVA, etc. Python runs code line by line like C, C++, and Java. It makes it easy to debug the code.

Embeddable

The code of the other programming language can be used in the Python source code. We can use Python source code in another programming language as well. It can embed other languages into our code.

Dynamic Memory Allocation

In Python, we don't need to specify the data type of the variable. When we assign some value to the variable, it automatically allots memory to the variable at run time. Suppose we are assigned the integer value 15 to x, then we don't need to write "int x = 10". Just write "x = 10."

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